By Barry E. Smith,Raymond L. Richards,William E. Newton
Biological nitrogen fixation offers greater than 50% of the complete annual enter of the fundamental aspect nitrogen to global agriculture. therefore, it really is of gigantic agronomic significance and demanding to nutrition offers, relatively in constructing nations.
This publication, with chapters authored by means of across the world popular specialists, presents a complete and unique account of the interesting background of the method - together with the extraordinary discoveries of molybdenum-independent nitrogenases and superoxide-dependent nitrogenase; a assessment of Man's makes an attempt to emulate the organic approach - such a lot effectively with the commercially dominant Haber-Bosch approach; and the present country of the certainty paintings with appreciate to the enzymes - referred to as nitrogenases - chargeable for organic nitrogen fixation.
The preliminary chapters use a ancient method of the organic and business methods, via an summary of assay methodologies. the following set of chapters specializes in the classical enzyme, the molybdenum nitrogenase, and information its biosynthesis, constitution, composition, and mechanism of motion in addition to detailing either how versions of its part proteins are built via recombinant DNA know-how and the way computational innovations are being utilized. the subtle chemical modelling of the metal-containing clusters within the enzyme is reviewed subsequent, by way of an outline of the 2 molybdenum-independent nitrogenases - first, the vanadium-containing enzyme after which the iron-only nitrogenase - including a few options as to why they exist! Then follows an up to date remedy of the in actual fact "non-classical" houses of the superoxide-dependent nitrogenase, which extra heavily resembles molybdenum-containing hydroxylases and similar enzymes, like nitrate reductase, that it does the opposite nitrogenases. each one bankruptcy comprises an in depth checklist of references.
This ebook is the self-contained first quantity of a entire seven-volume sequence. No different on hand paintings presents the up to date and in-depth assurance of this sequence and this quantity. This booklet is meant to function an integral reference paintings for all scientists operating during this region, together with agriculture and the heavily comparable metals-in-biology region; to aid scholars to go into this not easy quarter of study; and to supply technological know-how directors quick access to very important suitable details.
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Extra info for Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress)
Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress) by Barry E. Smith,Raymond L. Richards,William E. Newton