Browse Category by History Philosophy On Science Nature
History Philosophy On Science Nature

From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights by Kimberly A. Hamlin PDF

By Kimberly A. Hamlin

ISBN-10: 022613461X

ISBN-13: 9780226134611

ISBN-10: 022632477X

ISBN-13: 9780226324777

From Eve to Evolution offers the 1st full-length learn of yankee women’s responses to evolutionary concept and illuminates the position technology performed within the nineteenth-century women’s rights circulate. Kimberly A. Hamlin unearths how a few nineteenth-century ladies, raised at the concept that Eve’s sin without end fastened women’s subordinate prestige, embraced Darwinian evolution—especially sexual choice thought as defined in The Descent of Man—as a substitute for the production tale in Genesis.

           

Hamlin chronicles the lives and writings of the ladies who mixed their enthusiasm for evolutionary technology with their dedication to women’s rights, together with Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Eliza Burt Gamble, Helen Hamilton Gardener, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. those Darwinian feminists believed evolutionary technological know-how proved that girls weren't not as good as males, that it used to be traditional for moms to paintings outdoors the house, and that ladies should still regulate copy. the sensible functions of this evolutionary feminism got here to fruition, Hamlin indicates, within the early considering and writing of the yankee contraception pioneer Margaret Sanger. 

           

Much scholarship has been devoted to reading what Darwin and different male evolutionists needed to say approximately girls, yet little or no has been written relating to what girls themselves needed to say approximately evolution. From Eve to Evolution provides much-needed woman voices to the colossal literature on Darwin in America.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Download e-book for iPad: Hirnströme: Eine Kulturgeschichte der by Cornelius Borck

By Cornelius Borck

ISBN-10: 383531792X

ISBN-13: 9783835317925

Die Visualisierung von Gehirnprozessen hat in der Geschichte der Hirnforschung regelmäßig große Erwartungen geweckt. Cornelius Borck stellt mit der Registrierung elektrischer Hirnströme eine Aufzeichnungstechnik ins Zentrum seiner Untersuchung, mit der sich seinerzeit die Hoffnung verknüpfte, das Gehirn in seiner eigenen Sprache schreiben zu lassen und so seine Funktionsweise lesbar zu machen. Er verfolgt die vielfach widersprüchlichen Deutungen zur Elektroenzephalographie von den Versuchen des deutschen Psychiaters Hans Berger und seiner Veröffentlichung eines menschlichen EEG im Jahr 1929 bis zu ihrer internationalen Ausbreitung und Konsolidierung als klinische Diagnosemethode in der Mitte des 20sten Jahrhunderts. Borcks those lautet, daß die Schrift des Gehirns in lokalen Forschungskulturen je spezifische Konturen annahm, aus deren Widerstreit ein neues wissenschaftliches Objekt, das elektrische Gehirn hervortrat. Wenn sich in Borcks examine Differenzen und Divergenzen in der Hirnforschung als Effekte lokaler Interaktionen verschiedener Akteure erschließen, liefert er damit zugleich einen Beleg für die kulturelle Formbarkeit des Gehirns. Das elektrische Gehirn ist in einem historisch präzisierbaren Sinne erst das Produkt seiner elektrotechnischen Erforschung. Das Wissen vom Gehirn und Theorien über dessen Funktionieren sind von den Maschinen geprägt, denen sich dieses Wissen verdankt. Es stellt sich deshalb vielmehr die Frage, was once sich eigentlich darin manifestiert, daß sich die erhobenen EEG-Befunde immer wieder den vorgelegten Theorien und Deutungen entzogen.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Reise in die Aequinoctial-Gegenden des neuen Continents - by Alexander von Humboldt PDF

By Alexander von Humboldt

ISBN-10: 1512395153

ISBN-13: 9781512395150

Reise in die Aequinoctial-Gegenden des neuen Continents - Band I
Alexander von Humboldt, deutscher Naturforscher (1769-1859)

«Reise in die Aequinoctial-Gegenden des neuen Continents - Band I», von Alexander von Humboldt. Ein dynamisches Inhaltsverzeichnis ermöglicht den direkten Zugriff auf die verschiedenen Abschnitte.

Inhaltsverzeichnis
- Präsentation
- Vorwort
- Vorbereitungen
- Aufenthalt Auf Teneriffa
- Überfahrt Von Teneriffa An Die Küste Von Südamerika
- Erster Auftenthalt In Cumana
- Die Halbinsel Araya
- Die Berge Von Neuandalusien
- Das Kloster Caripe
- Abreise Von Caripe

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Read e-book online Naturalists in Paradise: Wallace, Bates and Spruce in the PDF

By John Hemming

ISBN-10: 0500252106

ISBN-13: 9780500252109

Alfred Russel Wallace, Henry Walter Bates and Richard Spruce have been English naturalists who went to Amazonia one hundred fifty years in the past. This booklet is the 1st to mix all 3 younger mens reviews of the Amazon, drawing seriously on their lonesome letters and books. All 3 explored an unknown river and had many exciting adventures: violent assaults of malaria, apprehensive rapids, homicide makes an attempt, encounters with newly contacted indigenous peoples, shipwrecks, and lots of different hardships.

In addition to their large contributions to wisdom of the Amazonian atmosphere, every one is very recognized for one discovery. Wallace is said as a co-discoverer, besides Charles Darwin, of the speculation of evolution. Bates found protecting mimicry between bugs, a phenomenon named after him. Spruce transported the quinine-bearing Cinchona tree, crucial medicinal plant of the 19th century, to India, the place it stored numerous lives from malaria.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

The Foundations of Scientific Inference: 50th Anniversary by Wesley C. Salmon PDF

By Wesley C. Salmon

ISBN-10: 0822964562

ISBN-13: 9780822964568

After its book in 1967, The Foundations of medical Inference taught a iteration of scholars and researchers in regards to the challenge of induction, the translation of likelihood, and affirmation thought. Fifty years later, Wesley C. Salmon’s booklet is still one of many clearest introductions to those basic difficulties within the philosophy of technology. With The Foundations of medical Inference, Salmon provided a coherent imaginative and prescient of the character of clinical reasoning, explored the philosophical underpinnings of clinical research, and brought readers to key activities in epistemology and to best philosophers of the 20th century—such as Karl Popper, Rudolf Carnap, and Hans Reichenbach—offering a severe evaluate and constructing his personal unique perspectives on subject matters which are nonetheless of significant significance today.

            This anniversary variation of Salmon’s foundational paintings within the philosophy of technological know-how incorporates a exact advent by means of Christopher Hitchcock, which examines the book’s origins, impacts, and significant topics, its effect and enduring results, the disputes it raised, and its position in present experiences, revisiting Salmon’s rules for a brand new viewers of philosophers, historians, scientists, and students.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Download e-book for kindle: Reproductive Medicine and the Life Sciences in the by Dr Arman Rebecka,Professor Styhre Alexander

By Dr Arman Rebecka,Professor Styhre Alexander

ISBN-10: 1409453502

ISBN-13: 9781409453505

In Reproductive drugs and the lifestyles Sciences within the modern financial system, Alexander Styhre and Rebecka Arman remove darkness from matters that experience given upward thrust to phrases akin to 'the bioeconomy' and 'the child business'. The existence sciences play an expanding function in supplying providers and commodities fed on by way of companies and the general public. in accordance with an in-depth learn of clinics providing assisted fertilization in Sweden, this publication is the 1st to ascertain the commercialization and commodification of knowledge derived from the lifestyles sciences, from the viewpoint of association theory.

In the sphere of reproductive medication there was major progress of either private and non-private scientific paintings. Clinics are areas the place person pursuits and matters and social and institutional preparations intersect. With a entrance workplace the place sufferers come across numerous expert teams and a again workplace comprising the laboratories in which human reproductive fabrics are dealt with and kept, they're greater than simply areas within which drugs is utilized in a scientific surroundings. Clinicians during this box actively impact policy-making and the regulatory frameworks that display screen and set the limits for his or her paintings. those are areas the place social and cultural pursuits and issues are translated into guidelines and perform. The clinics are open social platforms, responding to and influencing discussions.

This e-book combines association idea, sociological idea, gender conception, technological know-how and expertise experiences, and philosophy. It emphasises the severe value of a sociomaterial viewpoint on association, stressing how fabric and social assets are constantly of necessity folded into one another in daily organizing.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

The Nervous System of the Child, Its Growth and Health in by Francis Warner PDF

By Francis Warner

ISBN-10: 1330343727

ISBN-13: 9781330343722

ISBN-10: 1355894352

ISBN-13: 9781355894353

The apprehensive approach of the kid, Its development and health and wellbeing in schooling via Francis Warner.
This publication is a duplicate of the unique ebook released in 1900 and will have a few imperfections reminiscent of marks or hand-written notes.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Download PDF by Daniela Bleichmar,Paula De Vos,Kristin Huffine,Kevin Sheehan: Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, 1500–1800

By Daniela Bleichmar,Paula De Vos,Kristin Huffine,Kevin Sheehan

ISBN-10: 080475358X

ISBN-13: 9780804753586

This number of essays is the 1st booklet released in English to supply a radical survey of the practices of technological know-how within the Spanish and Portuguese empires from 1500 to 1800. Authored by way of an interdisciplinary group of experts from the U.S., Latin the United States, and Europe, the ebook involves fifteen unique essays, in addition to an advent and an afterword through well known students within the box. the themes mentioned contain navigation, exploration, cartography, usual sciences, expertise, and medication. This quantity is aimed toward either experts and non-specialists, and is designed to be worthy for educating. it will likely be a massive source for someone attracted to colonial Latin America.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Download e-book for iPad: Science and Societies in Frankfurt am Main (Sci & Culture in by Ayako Sakurai

By Ayako Sakurai

ISBN-10: 0822944952

ISBN-13: 9780822944959

The 19th century observed technological know-how circulate from being the protect of a small discovered elite to a dominant strength which inspired society as a complete. Sakurai offers a research of the way medical societies affected the social and political lifetime of a urban. because it didn't have a college or a centralized govt, Frankfurt am major is a perfect case research of ways medical associations—funded by means of inner most patronage for the great of the neighborhood populace—became a big centre for traditional history.

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History Philosophy On Science Nature

Read e-book online Discipline and Experience: The Mathematical Way in the PDF

By Peter Dear

ISBN-10: 0226139433

ISBN-13: 9780226139432

ISBN-10: 0226139441

ISBN-13: 9780226139449

Although the clinical Revolution has lengthy been considered as the start of contemporary technological know-how, there was little consensus approximately its precise personality. whereas the appliance of arithmetic to the learn of the flora and fauna has consistently been well-known as a tremendous issue, the position of test has been much less sincerely understood.

Peter pricey investigates the character of the switch that happened in this interval, focusing specific consciousness on evolving notions of expertise and the way those built into the experimental paintings that's on the middle of contemporary technological know-how. He examines seventeenth-century mathematical sciences—astronomy, optics, and mechanics—not as summary principles, yet as important organisations that concerned practices on the topic of either adventure and test. expensive illuminates how mathematicians and traditional philosophers of the period—Mersenne, Descartes, Pascal, Barrow, Newton, Boyle, and the Jesuits—used adventure of their argumentation, and the way and why those ways replaced over the process a century. Drawing on mathematical texts and works of typical philosophy from far and wide Europe, he describes a strategy of swap that was once sluggish, halting, occasionally contradictory—far from the pointy holiday with highbrow culture implied by way of the time period "revolution."

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